Trabuco The Ancient God Of War

Trabuco is an ancient barricade weapon that was used to destroy masonry walls or heave projectiles above them to the other side as a catapult does. It can also be called the trebuchet, for differentiation from other weapons. It is referred to as the thick gauge rifle or revolver in Brazil. This weapon was used in areas of all religions including the Muslims and Christians. It could accurately throw a projectile of 140 pounds at high speeds into an enemy’s barricade to a distance of up to 800 meters away. It was brought to Europe in 600 DC after its invention in China at around 400 AC.

The trabuco was an evolvement of the old sling. The lowest Trabuco type is extra portable with an extent that is lesser hence it allows for easy transportation. Its release time intervals also short allowing for more throws and can be operated by one person who is responsible for both feeding and pulling the string. However, most trebuchets are large hence needed between 15-45 men to operate it with two men handling the rope. The operators were local citizens who were working in defense of their city or attacking enemies.


Through the Persians and Byzantine Empire, Trabuco reached the Middle East, and through Germany’s north, it reached Nordic countries. Later its traction and knowledge got to Scandinavian at an unknown time in history according to Early when Paris was under major attack, the machines were used and the Vikings met. In the early 800, the machines were also used by the Nordic People to siege Anger. For the first time, Trebuchets counterweight was used in Italy at the end of the 12th century. In England, they were introduced in 1216.

In 1191 during Acre attack, Richard Lionheart amassed two trebuchets that he named “Bad Neighbor” and God’s Catapult” to fight with in 1304 according to During the Castle attack of Stirling, Edward Longshanks had his engineers built a trebuchet that would be gigantic to defeat the English Army and gave it the name “wolf war.”

The trabuco lost its value when gunpowder emerged. It was no longer the best choice for a field gun. Even after gunpowder, they were used in the Burgos attack (1475-1476) and Rhodes attack (1480). In 1521, Hernán Cortés recorded its last military use in the Aztec Capital attack in Tenochtitlan. Today, Trabucos are used for entertainment and to educate on mechanics basic principles.

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Trabucos Dominated Europe For 3 Centuries

The Trabuco is a surrounding weapon from the middle ages. The Trabuco was used to crush an enemy’s stone and brick walls or to throw objects over the wall.

The Trabuco originated in China based on During the crusades, Europeans used it as a terrifying and efficient weapon.

Differently, from catapults and similar weapons, the Trabuco does not use and complicated machinery. It became popular since it is easy to build and also easy to use. It also stands out from other weapons for being able to throw heavier objects much further.

A Trabuco uses the potential gravitational energy into kinetic energy. The counterweight of the weapon is directly proportional to the speed of the projectile being used. Physical principles can be observed through the use of this weapon.

The traction Trabuco was the first version that was operated by people. The Chinese army of had a very large Trabuco that required 250 people to operate it and it could throw a rock of over 140 pounds according to The Trabuco was able to be shot four times per minute and was used up until the 11th century. The challenge that operators faced was throwing all the projectiles exactly the same distance due to using cords with the Trabuco.

The hybrid Trabuco came into use when the traction Trabuco was taken to the middle east by adding a weight to the shorter arm, which added thrust to the weapon. There are records of a hybrid Trabuco from the 13th century that was able to throw 400-pound rocks into the walls of Damietta in Egypt.

During one of the crusades, the Europeans found a hybrid Trabuco and took it back to Europe, which gave birth to the counterweight Trabuco with better accuracy than the original Trabuco at

In the 13th century, the Trabucos were able to throw rocks that weighed more than a ton over great distances. Nevertheless, the Trabuco was used to throw objects such as cows, horses, barrels full of sand, human heads and even live prisoners as a means of ammunition.

The Trabuco was used throughout Europe for over a period of 300 years until it became obsolete with the advent of gunpowder. Read more on