Trabuco is an ancient barricade weapon that was used to destroy masonry walls or heave projectiles above them to the other side as a catapult does. It can also be called the trebuchet, for differentiation from other weapons. It is referred to as the thick gauge rifle or revolver in Brazil. This weapon was used in areas of all religions including the Muslims and Christians. It could accurately throw a projectile of 140 pounds at high speeds into an enemy’s barricade to a distance of up to 800 meters away. It was brought to Europe in 600 DC after its invention in China at around 400 AC.
The trabuco was an evolvement of the old sling. The lowest Trabuco type is extra portable with an extent that is lesser hence it allows for easy transportation. Its release time intervals also short allowing for more throws and can be operated by one person who is responsible for both feeding and pulling the string. However, most trebuchets are large hence needed between 15-45 men to operate it with two men handling the rope. The operators were local citizens who were working in defense of their city or attacking enemies.
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Through the Persians and Byzantine Empire, Trabuco reached the Middle East, and through Germany’s north, it reached Nordic countries. Later its traction and knowledge got to Scandinavian at an unknown time in history according to infopedia.pt. Early when Paris was under major attack, the machines were used and the Vikings met. In the early 800, the machines were also used by the Nordic People to siege Anger. For the first time, Trebuchets counterweight was used in Italy at the end of the 12th century. In England, they were introduced in 1216.
In 1191 during Acre attack, Richard Lionheart amassed two trebuchets that he named “Bad Neighbor” and God’s Catapult” to fight with in 1304 according to sinonimos.com.br. During the Castle attack of Stirling, Edward Longshanks had his engineers built a trebuchet that would be gigantic to defeat the English Army and gave it the name “wolf war.”
The trabuco lost its value when gunpowder emerged. It was no longer the best choice for a field gun. Even after gunpowder, they were used in the Burgos attack (1475-1476) and Rhodes attack (1480). In 1521, Hernán Cortés recorded its last military use in the Aztec Capital attack in Tenochtitlan. Today, Trabucos are used for entertainment and to educate on mechanics basic principles.
Find more about Trabuco: https://pt.wiktionary.org/wiki/trabuco